18.3 Multiple spaces and discrete degrees
We still have to determine the relation between the spaces of the three realms.
They could all be regions of one large space, or they could be three distinct spaces.
By distinct spaces, I mean spaces which are logically disjoint and have no places
in common. It would be a more monistic view to have all the realms existing in different
parts of the same space, but theism requires that they be in different spaces. The
distinction between the spaces is therefore similar to the distinction between God
and all of creation as a whole. We take this as one of the core postulates of theism:
Postulate 16 The relations
between created realms is an image of the relation between God and creation.
it can be regarded as a further extension of the imageo deo
of Postulate 5. This new postulate is the principle of
discreteness of the three realms. There is no continuity between them.
It claims that there is no way to continuously move from one realm to another.
Postulate 16 conveys a dualism between the physical
and mental and another dualism between the mental and spiritual. Both are similar
to (or reduced images of) the dualism between God and creation. Such dualisms have
long been argued in philosophy and theology. They have been denied by monists, who
want to see all things as essentially composed of one kind of substance. Scientists
have been suspicious of dualism because they cannot see the reasons for the distinction
existing nor the reasons for the dynamical connections between the multiple realms.
We saw in Chapter 5 that there are many distinctions already
known in physics and psychology. I will later show that these are of the same essential
nature as the dualisms alluded to in Postulate 16.
Using our scientific theism, we can begin to learn of the general principles that
link the dynamical processes in the several realms. These are essentially just the
operations discussed in the previous Section 18.1.