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"Rational Scientific Theories from Theism"


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32.6 Physics

32.6.1 Physicists have shown the conservation of energy. This shows the closure of the physical world! It is a basic principle! How do you escape that?
It is true that the principle of conservation of energy for isolated systems is one of the most faithfully believed principles in the physics of the last 150 years. It is taken as a rigorous principle, for example, for the rejection of possible perpetual-motion machines. Certainly, no violations of this principle have been discovered. In special relativity, this generalizes to the conservation of 4-momentum, which includes conservations of energy and 3-dimensional vector momentum. The validity of the principle can be derived from invariance under spatial translations and time shifts.

However, as discussed in Section 20.6, within theism we must take into account that no physical system is strictly closed. Every substance of every discrete degree is necessarily and always open to the reception of divine life. Secondly, space and time will not be isotropic if there are spatiotemporal variations of the spacetime metric or of coupling parameters (see Section 25.2). We already know how to treat some metric variations, namely those that occur according to general relativity and generate gravity, but others may be possible.

The generalization of the conservation laws according to general relativity may well happen again if more general and new laws of nature are predicted and/or discovered. Theistic science essentially predicts that this will occur, and, moreover, that the new laws will not be purely physical but will describe possible influences from mental activities. We await with eagerness to see what experimental evidence may support this prediction.32.4

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